NSSM 200: Kissinger Report

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NSSM 200: National Security Study Memorandum:
Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for US Security and Overseas Interests


The National Security Study Memorandum (NSSM) directive [PDF] was signed on 24 April 1974, by Henry Kissinger on behalf of President Nixon. The complete report [PDF] was presented to President Ford in December 1974.

NSSM 200 Report:

24 April 1974: NSSM 200 Directive Cover Letter.
26 Nov 1975: NSDM 314: Pres Ford Implementation of NSSM 200.

10 Dec 1974 NSSM 200 Report: Cover Page | Executive Summary | Key Points.

Part 1: Analytical Section:

  • I – World Demographic Trends
  • II – Population and World Food Supplies
  • III – Minerals and Fuel
  • IV – Economic Development and Population Growth
  • V – Impli cations of Population Pressures for National Security
  • VI – World Population Conference

Part 2: Policy Recommendations:

  • I. Introduction – A U.S. Global Population Strategy
    • A. Basic Global Strategy
    • B. Key Country priorities in U.S. and Multilateral Population Assistance
    • C. Instruments and Modalities for Population Assistance
    • D. Provision and Development of Family Planning Services, Information and Technology
    • E. Creating Conditions Conducive to Fertility Decline
    • F. Development of World-Wide Political and Popular Commitment to Population Stabilization and Its Associated Improvement of Individual Quality of Life.
    • An Alternative View (move this up)
    • Conclusion
  • II. Action to Create Conditions for Fertility Decline: Population and a Development Assistance Strategy
    • General Strategy and Resource Allocations for AID Assistance
    • Functional Assistance Programs to Create Conditions for Fertility Decline
      • Introduction
      • Providing Minimal Levels of Education, Especially for Women
      • Reducing Infant and Child Mortality
      • Expanding Wage Employment Opportunities, Especially for Women
      • Developing Alternatives to the Social Security Role Provided By Children to Aging Parents
      • Pursuing Development Strategies that Skew Income Growth Toward the Poor, Especially Rural Development Focussing on Rural Poverty
      • Concentration on Education and Indoctrination of The Rising Generation of Children Regarding the Desirability of Smaller Family Size
      • General Recommendation for UN Agencies
    • Food for Peace Program and Population
  • III. International Organizations and other Multilateral Population Programs
    • UN Organization and Specialized Agencies
    • Encouraging Private Organizations
  • IV. Provision and Development of Family Planning Services, Information and Technology
    • Research to Improve Fertility Control Technology
    • Development of Low-cost Delivery Systems
      • Discussion
        • Abortion
    • Utilization of Mass Media and Satellite Communications Systems for Family Planning
  • V. Action to Develop World-Wide Political and Popular ???
    • Commitment to Population Stability
      • Discussion:
      • Recommendations:
        • 1. Executive Branch
        • 2. World Population Conference
        • 3. Department of State
        • 4. A.I.D. should expand its programs to increase the understanding of LDC leaders regarding the consequences of rapid population growth and their commitment to undertaking remedial actions.
        • 5. USIA.